Following a recommendation by the DSC Peace and International Policy 1, the Validating Council has approved the creation of a new DiEM25 pillar on Peace and International Policy. The drafting of this policy paper will follow the usual stages:
(The Assembly might be replaced by a third online comment round instead.)
Below, you will find the questionnaire. Please write your answers after each question, and feel free to leave out any questions or come back to submit more answers at a later time. If you have the chance to meet some people locally in order to discuss some of the questions and write a collective reply, that's all the better! Deadline: October 11th, 2020. To better understand the perspective of the task force that authored this questionnaire, you can download an informational booklet here.
I. Europe and the World
I-Questions for DiEMers:
Should the EU have a common foreign policy? What principles should rule it? How could it be implemented?
How can Europe guarantee its peace and stability while preserving its open and democratic character?
How can Europe return to preserving its historic project of unification, peace and prosperity, but this time around extending it to the rest of the world?
How can Europe promote the project of peace without readopting a missionary mentality/ modus operandi that ignores the colonial heritage?
What type of relationships (economic, industrial, cultural and educational) should the EU establish with its neighbors in Eastern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East?
Within a future EU reform based on DiEM25 pillars, what would be the principles guiding such EU foreign policy in a European post-capitalist federation?
What would the "new" proposed principles of an EU common foreign policy add to existing international law and treaties?
How to make the voice of institutions like the International Criminal Court more amplified, more resonant and relevant?
How can the Green New Deal (GND) help stimulate peace, conflict-resolution and better redistribution of wealth in the world?
What needs to be added, in terms of content to make the GND more inclusive, so that the green transition involves all countries in the world?
How can we prevent that the extraction of the resources that will power Green industry (such as rare earths and other metals) results in further exploitation and environmental degradation in the Global South?
How can the EU promote a fair multilateral system? What role should the EU play in the multilateral arena?
What else do we envision as the appropriate response to gross human rights violations? Instead of economic boycott and sanctions, for example, do we favor the legal avenues of Universal Jurisdiction, and of taking perpetrators of crimes against humanity within and outside the EU before the International Criminal Court (ICC) or the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague?
In which way can the EU apply pressure on the US to join the ICC liability convention?
How do we counter a prevalent argumentation within the Left that argues that Might Makes Right and a skepticism of those within the Left who claim that international law is hollow and meaningless?
Should, and if yes how, the EU support creating international regional collaboration between countries?
How do we fight the rise of Green capitalism as an agenda of our adversaries in the EU foreign policy, while advancing a more inclusive GND?
How do we respond to reactionary tendencies in the contemporary environmentalist conversation which take the problem of overpopulation out of the context of poverty? Could such arguments lead to a repetition of the programs that the World Health Organization (WHO) implemented in the past seeking to reduce fertility rates in the “Third World”?
What sacrifices do we have to take to create a sustainable future?
How should we change our private life, to be able to reduce or stop global warming?
Is there a correlation between birth rate and poverty?
In terms of population politics, how do birth-rates and migration as a force affect the policies of countries that often get involved in wars? (Movements of the Nationalist International, for example, often want to boom the birthrate of one group, reduce that of another, and prevent immigration.)
How could the European Union (and DiEM25) operate to democratize international institutions, first of all, the UN?
Do you think DiEM25 should engage to make concrete proposals for the reform of the United Nations? Or should it claim for a completely different international system?
Should the UN Security Council veto be abolished?
How could a UN reform create a power balance between the different regions (avoiding the Security Council domination by the five permanent members (P5) US, Britain, France, Russia and China who are also veto-powers)?
Envisioning a world government, on which principles and structures should a new representative body be based upon?
Should the UN as a platform of communication be the context for discussing the right to self-determination of stateless nations (like Kurdistan, Palestine, Western Sahraouian, etc.)?
Is chapter VII of the UN charter (allowing the Security Council to take military action) contradicting solving conflicts in a peaceful manner?
Should the EU be open for supporting chapter VII UN missions?
If yes, should the EU be open for contributing troops to such missions?
Is the principle of Responsibility to Protect (R2P)1 a helpful addition to the international law framework? What are the benefits or dangers?
How can DiEM25 contest the orthodoxy around R2P and other talking points of regime change currently prevalent inside the EU foreign policy establishment? How do we do this and switch to a policy of respecting sovereignty of countries, the Geneva Convention and other articles of international law?
II. Peace and Security
II-Questions to DiEMers:
What are the current military and security threats facing the EU?
Should the EU develop a true strong Common Defense Policy?
If yes, how should it look like?
Does the current EU Common Foreign and Security Policy allow for an easy manipulation of EU foreign policy by rogue actors within Europe or by imperial interests in the US and Asia (Russia, China, the Arabian Gulf)?
How to make a binding policy within the EU on peace and security in which each member state carries weight in decision making, so as to avoid what happened in 2003 in the Iraq invasion in which the UK, the Netherlands, Spain and a small minority of others went to war on their own despite majority opposition?
Should the EU prevent the use of its infrastructure (e.g. Ramstein airbase) for the use of illegal warfare?
What is the danger if the EU becomes an economic and military giant, while remaining a political dwarf (lack of collective power in formulating foreign policy)?
Should the EU have a common EU army?
If yes, what would be the objective of having an EU army?
Is NATO still playing a crucial role for the European security?
If not, what should be done of it?
Should an EU army make the European involvement in NATO obsolete?
Who benefits from rising military budgets?
How to effectively demand transparency on the weapons industry (its budget, profits and taxation)?
How can a common foreign and defense policy control the unbridled arms trade?
What is the impact of the use of unmanned military machinery (drones)?
What can and should be the consequences of drones violating sovereign territory/ airspace?
What can and should be the consequences of extrajudicial killing?
Should it be prohibited for EU military industries to produce armed drones?
Should armed drones be banned, and why?
Should the integration of machine learning/artificial intelligence technology in military weaponry be prohibited?
Should disarmament be an objective of the EU?
If yes, how to reconcile disarmament with a common defense policy?
In the event of successful disarmament, what do we propose doing about the unemployment that would result (lost jobs at arms factories etc)?
How can Europe contribute to denuclearization, nonproliferation?
Is cyberspace becoming the newest geopolitical battle ground?
If yes, how can we counter this development?
What is the role and the form of espionage and intelligence-gathering in Europe today?
How could the activities of transnational digital corporations be checked and controlled?
How does surveillance capitalism exerted by Googles, Facebooks and Huaweis manifest itself on the world arena? What are the consequences?
What is our response to troll-farms employed by political parties and interest groups to spread disinformation about geopolitical conflicts? How do we respond while preserving freedom of speech from online censorship?
Did the authoritarian power of digital capitalism contribute to the failure or corruption of early 21st century uprisings that used online mass communication platforms for mobilization (e.g. Arab Spring, Sudan, Occupy Wall Street, East Europe etc.)?
If yes, how could this be avoided?
III. Global Inequality: Fight Extreme Wealth!
III-Questions for DiEMers:
Considering its past record, does Europe need a development policy? If the answer is positive, what type of EU development policy are we aiming at?
When it comes to foreign aid, how can we change the connotation of aid (that is, the rhetoric of charity/ philanthropy) to one of solidarity?
What are your views on the introduction of a universal basic income (UBI) as a substitute to European official development assistance in the transition towards a global UBD?
What kind of institution would manage a global UBD?
In which ways can Europe and the Global South exchange knowledge and experience?
How could Europe’s role in the system of international organizations (UN and its divisions, Bretton Woods, and others) be improved?
What kind of global organization should take charge of regulating trade and financial flows in order to prioritize economic justice and sustainable development rather than corporate profit and the exacerbation of inequality?
Should this institution also monitor and regulate the practices of international financial institutions to make them accountable? (Accountability with respect to their economic policies and preconditions and demands which are presented as “expert advice”. Accountability also with respect to funding of dictatorships.)
What to do about the financial debts to international financial institutions and private banks made decades ago by dictatorships and client regimes that came to power thanks to coups d’état?
Should the World Trade Organization (WTO) be scrapped or should it be reformed?
What organization could serve everybody mediating between national interests and markets rather than corporatocracy?
How could we revitalize organizations like UNCTAD and UNDESA?
Could the mandate of UNCTAD be expanded to serve this purpose?
If the latter, what kind of reform can bring about structural change in the WTO policies?
How should the EU and Europe act to mitigate the eco-crisis repercussions?
What changes should be introduced into our lifestyles/ political and economic systems?
In which way should the World Health Organization (WHO) be reformed to fulfill its mandate?
What do we propose doing about the fact that over 50% of the World Health Organization’s funding derives from a small number of private investors (most notably Nestlé, Coke, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation) given the fact that UN member States’ investment in the WHO has declined since the 2008 financial crash?
Do the EU/ European agricultural subsidies, along with barriers on just trade with foreign farmers in other continents (Africa, Asia, Latin America) maintain our industrial overproduction of food in a way that is harmful to our health and to the world’s economy?
Is it a matter of EU foreign policy that our agricultural exports – generated in a state of subsidized, mechanized overproduction – leads to us dumping food products of inferior quality, with more chemical additives and health hazards, onto foreign markets we dominate, while we keep the “best” for Western Europe?
How do our large-scale exports, of highly subsidized agricultural products overseas lead to more massive unemployment in countries in the Global South that could otherwise better employ their local populations in developing their agricultural potential?
According to mafia-theorist Roberto Saviano, the prevailing economic and banking policies in the EU enable money laundering and economic power accumulation by transnational organized crime. What kind of changes to international fiscal rules can hinder the growth of global organized crime?
How do the North-South (and East-West) foreign policy and trade relations bear on the exploitation of migrant labor?
How do we involve bioethics into foreign politics concerning the promotion of imported GM foods and agro-toxins?
Can a local and foreign policy dealing with the dimension of cultural imperialism in nutrition, negatively impacting traditional eating patterns, resulting in various health problems and disease?
Is there a relation between the cultural imperialism, global advertisement, and foreign policy?
What do you think about the possibility to engage citizens globally through possible innovative instruments like a World Citizens Initiative?
Would you be in favour to the institution of a UNPA (United Nations Parliamentary assembly)? And what about the perspective of a World parliament?
What do you think should be the role of the Progressive International in reforming the international system?
As citizens of the world how do we want internet services to be provided, by whom and at what price?
1 R2P is a misleading nomenclature, which comes from Just War theory and is invoked chiefly to justify military intervention.
Thank you so much for contributing to DiEM25's stance on peace and international policy!